Below is a video of the massacre filmed as it unfolded on January 22, 2007. Further below is an article by Bah Oury, Vice-President of the UFDG, about the 2007 massacre of an opposition-labor march in Conakry and how violence continues to be the way the government responds to dissent. Click on the URL below the video to read the article.
“Coup Forecasts for 2014″ Author, Jay Ulfelder, Explains WHY Guinea is the Number One Country at Risk for a Coup
“The simple but unsatisfying answer to your question about why Guinea has such a (relatively) high risk this year is that it exhibits virtually all of the major risk factors. It’s a relatively poor country in a coup-prone region with a mixed political regime in which elites’ ethnicity is politically salient; it has a recent history of coup activity; and right now it’s experiencing slow economic growth. Again, I know that’s not terribly satisfying, but I think it does establish a useful baseline for thinking about how susceptible it might be and what to make of certain political developments over the course of the year.”
- Geographic Region. Per the U.S. Department of State (and only in the Random Forest).
- Last Colonizer. Indicators for former French, British, and Spanish colonies.
- Country Age. Years since independence, logged.
- Post-Cold War Period. Indicator marking country-years since 1991, when coup activity has generally slowed.
- Infant Mortality Rate. Relative to the annual global median, logged, and courtesy of the U.S. Census Bureau. The latest version ends in 2012, so I’ve simply pulled those values forward a year here.
- Political Regime Type. Four-way categorization based on the Polity scale into autocracies, “anocracies,” democracies, and transitional, collapsed, or occupied cases.
- Political Stability. Count of years since a significant change in the Polity scale, logged.
- Political Salience of Elite Ethnicity. Yes or no, per a data set on elite characteristics produced by the Center for Systemic Peace (CSP) for the Political Instability Task Force (PITF), with hard-coded updates for 2013 (no changes). This one is not posted on CSP’s data page and was obtained from PITF and shared with their permission.
- Violent Civil Conflict. Yes or no, per CSP’s Major Episodes of Political Violence data set (here), with hard-coded updates for 2013 (a few changes).
- Election Year. Yes-or-no indicator for any national elections—executive, legislative, or constituent assembly—courtesy of the NELDA project, with hard-coded updates for 2012 through 2014 (scheduled).
- Slow Economic Growth. Yes-or-no indicator for less than 2 percent, as described above.
- Domestic Coup Activity. Yes-or-no indicator for countries with any attempts in the past 5 years, successful or failed.
- Regional Coup Activity. A count of other countries in the same region with any coup attempts the previous year, logged.
- Global Coup Activity. Same as the previous tic, but for the whole world.
In the last few weeks before the 2010 presidential election, interim government security forces roamed repeatedly through opposition neighborhoods carting off hundreds of young supporters in an effort to reduce the outrage that would accompany the announcement of Conde’s “win.” Most victims returned home with a host of injuries, including signature beatings with ridged billy clubs.
In addition, the author of this article, Thierno Souleymane Balde, attorney for the victims, held a press conference in Conakry yesterday to talk about the initiative to demand justice for victims of Alpha Conde’s regime: 55 dead, 357 wounded, and 650 arrested. There are videos of the press conference in which victims give their personal accounts. If interested in the videos of the press conference and accompanying article, primarily in French, please click: “Des victimes du régime Alpha Condé réclament justice : 55 morts, 357 blessés, 650 arrêtéss of state violence.”
Statement of the Research Institute on Democracy and Rule of Law (IRDED)
Thierno Souleymane Balde Thursday, 23 January 2014 11:00
The goal of the Research Institute on Democracy and Rule of Law (IRDED) in the struggle for the establishment of democracy and the rule of law in the Republic of Guinea, is to promote and protect human rights through awareness, advocacy, legal assistance and advocacy to preserve peace and national unity. And, given the systematic refusal by the Guinean judicial authorities, without any reason beyond a lack of political will proved, to investigate the cases of massacres against innocent and peaceful citizens, particularly in Conakry and Zogota, especially cases of arbitrary arrests and torture, the IRDED in its firm resolve to fight against impunity, has filed several complaints on behalf of victims against Guinea to commissions and committees of the United Nations for Human Rights in Geneva, Switzerland, December 19, 2013.
In a few weeks these complaints will be forwarded to the Guinean government to provide further explanation of the obvious desire to refuse to carry out the necessary investigations, identification and prosecution of the perpetrators of these killings, illegal arrests and torture of innocent citizens. IRDED will work closely with the Association of victims and relatives of victims of political violence in Guinea to ensure that the perpetrators are brought to justice and that whatever time it takes.
Should the perpetrators realize they will never have peace as long as they have not paid the price of their treason. Beyond these complaints, there are other remedies available in a number of other countries that have universal jurisdiction that we plan to use to obtain justice through for the victims and their families.
It is time for the Guinean authorities to take all necessary measures to stop the perpetrators and bring them to justice before Guinea is convicted of denial of justice by the UN authorities in charge of human rights and to and end this vicious cycle of impunity. Justice must act now at the risk of being discredited further in the eyes of the population and the international community.
It is intolerable and unacceptable for anyone concerned about respect for human rights and the maintenance of peace and national unity to see such acts go unpunished. We must not be content to denounce these practices, but also to help prevent their recurrence by ensuring that all perpetrators are arrested and brought before the competent courts.
We appeal to all men of good will, regardless of your religious affiliation, political, ethnic or social origin, to say no to these outrageous acts of a rule of law to prevent Guinea from becoming a country where injustice reigns as the absolute master.
To the Executive Board
Thierno Souleymane Balde me
Mission d’observation électorale de l’Union européenne en République de Guinée Rapport final – élections législatives (FR)
Here is the opening paragraph of Jay’s post: