Daddis presidential bid – Letter from Pottal-Fii-Bhantal Fouta Djallon to Mrs. Fatou Bensouda (EN-FR)

Daddis presidential bid – Letter from Pottal-Fii-Bhantal Fouta Djallon to Mrs. Fatou Bensouda.
New York, May 29, 2015
Dear Madam Bensouda,
Following the announcement of the candidacy of Mr. Daddis Camara in the presidential elections of Guinea, a coalition of 29 Human Rights organizations, including the FIDH and OGDH, made a statement to mark their indignation on this inappropriate bid which is a sign of contempt to the judicial process and to victims of the massacres of 28 September 2009.
On many occasions – by online petitions, memoranda and letters – our organization and many victims have called on you to request the transfer of the 2009 crimes against humanity’ investigation to the International Court of Justice. We’ve regularly kept you informed of the actions and statements of the Guinean government’s obvious denial of justice to the victims. On October 25th, 2014, in a speech in the Soussou language given in the Loos Islands, the Guinean President admitted having asked the “white folks” to put an end to the investigations. That same month, the justice minister, accused those who want that judicial proceedings to be expedited of having hidden political motives.
The culture of impunity is not only a legacy of past state violence in Guinea. It has become a method of governance. With the approach of presidential elections, the Guinean president wants to use the 2009 crimes to sow discord among the Guinean communities. The staging of demonstrations in the town of Nzerekore and the appointment in the government of a supposed ally of Mr. Daddis Camara, Mr. Boubacar Barry, are part of his plans. In addition, the authorities spread rumors of rebellion in the region from alleged accomplices of Mr. Daddis. A concerted effort is being made by the government to entertain the fiction of Mr. Daddis Camara political stature behind which Guinean citizens native of the Forest region would identify. The campaign is an insult to the Guineans from the southern region of Guinea who are strongly opposed to human rights violations which they have always been victims of. The governance by impunity introduced by the Guinean president has made ethnicity a screen to hide grave crimes. The goal – for the purposes of electoral maneuvering – is to make all denunciations of the crimes committed by the CNDD, an attack against local residents. These amalgams have served as cover for state crimes in Guinea and are the framework of perpetuating impunity.
Our organization and the associations of the victims believe that all conditions are met for your intervention. Since the charges made on a few officers in 2012, the Guinean judges in charge of the September 2009 crimes case have made no progress. This laxity is unacceptable. One of its consequences is to have enabled the Guinean government to inject in the electoral process an officer charged of crimes against humanity. Faced with this evident obstruction of justice of the Guinean government, it is the duty of the I.C.C to take up the issue of the killings. The Guinean populations and victims put their hope in your institution of last resort to begin the eradication of impunity in our country. This eradication is the only way to counter the confrontations the government of Mr. Conde has prepared with his policy of political division and legal laxity.
We remain available should you need any further information.
Respectfully,
COMMISSION FOR THE CENTRAL POTTAL-FII-BHANTAL FOUTA-DJALLON

 

Candidature présidentielle de Daddis – Lettre de Pottal-Fii-Bhantal Fouta-Djallon à Madame Fatou Bensouda.
New York, le 29 Mai 2015
Chère Madame Bensouda,
Suite à l’annonce de la candidature de Mr. Daddis Camara aux élections présidentielles de la Guinée, une coalition de 29 organisations de défense des droits de l’homme incluant le FIDH et l’OGDH, a fait une déclaration pour marquer leur indignation sur cette candidature inopportune qui est un signe de mépris du processus judiciaire et aux victimes des massacres du 28 septembre 2009.
A maintes occasions – par pétitions en ligne, mémorandums et lettres – notre organisation ainsi que de nombreuses victimes vous ont interpellée pour demander le transfert des enquêtes sur les crimes de 2009 à la cour internationale de justice. Nous vous avons régulièrement tenue informée des actions et des propos de déni évident de justice aux victimes des crimes contre l’humanité de 2009 du gouvernement guinéen. En date du 25 octobre 2014, dans un discours en langue Soussou aux îles de Loos, le président guinéen a avoué avoir demandé aux « blancs » de mette fin aux enquêtes sur les massacres. Ce même mois, le ministre de la justice, accusa ceux qui veulent que les procédures judiciaires soient accélérées d’avoir des arrière-pensées politiques.
La culture de l’impunité ne procède pas seulement du passé de violence d’état en Guinée. Elle est devenue une méthode de gouvernance. À l’approche des élections présidentielles, le chef de l’état guinéen veut faire des crimes de 2009 un moyen de discorde entre les communautés guinéennes. Les montages de manifestations dans la ville de Nzérékoré et la nomination dans le gouvernement d’un supposé allié de Mr. Daddis Camara, Mr. Boubacar Barry, font partie de ses plans. En outre, les autorités répandent des rumeurs de rébellion dans la région par des prétendus affidés de Mr. Daddis. Cette campagne est faite pour entretenir l’illusion d’une stature politique de Mr. Daddis Camara derrière laquelle les guinéens originaire de la région de la Forêt se reconnaitraient. En soi, elle est une insulte aux guinéens de la région du Sud de la Guinée qui restent fermement opposés aux violations de droits de l’homme dont ils ont été toujours victimes. La gouvernance par l’impunité instaurée par le président guinéen a fait de l’appartenance ethnique un paravent pour des crimes imprescriptibles. Le but visé est de faire – à des fins de marchandages électoraux – de toutes dénonciations des crimes commis par le CNDD, une atteinte aux habitants de la région. Ces amalgames sont la couverture aux crimes d’état en Guinée et le cadre de perpétuation de l’impunité.
Notre organisation et les associations des victimes considèrent que toutes les conditions sont remplies pour une intervention de votre part. Depuis les inculpations de quelques officiers en 2012, les juges guinéens en charge du dossier des crimes de Septembre 2009 n’ont fait aucun progrès. Ce laxisme est inacceptable. L’une de ses conséquences est d’avoir permis au gouvernement guinéen d’injecter un accusé de crimes contre l’humanité dans le processus électoral. Face à cette obstruction manifeste de la justice du gouvernement guinéen, il est du devoir de la CPI de se saisir du dossier des massacres. Les populations guinéennes et les victimes placent leur espoir en votre institution de derniers recours pour entamer l’éradication de l’impunité dans notre pays. Cette éradication reste le seul moyen pour contrer les affrontements dont le gouvernement de Mr. Condé a préparé les conditions de par ses politiques de division et de laxisme juridique.
Nous restons à votre disposition pour toute information complémentaire et vos prions de croire à nos sentiments distingués

Pour la commission centrale de Pottal-Fii-Bhantal Fouta-Djalon

Advertisements

HR Groups, FIDH-OGDH Call Charge of Claude Pivi For Sept. 28 Crimes, “A Big Step for Guinean Justice”

claudepivi1Claude Pivi, in Battle Dress

Guineastadium9-28-09, Opposition supporters gathered for a rally at stadium when state security accompanied by foreign mercenaries closed exits and began shooting, stabbing and raping

[Article translated into English via Google with editing by Guinea Oye]
Posted on June 28, 2013

Paris, Conakry, June 28, 2013 – Colonel Claude Pivi, head of presidential security, was formally charged yesterday by the judges in charge of the case on 28 September 2009. The day before, the General Ibrahima Balde, High Commander of the Gendarmerie was heard as a witness. Our organizations welcome this judicial advanced as expected by the civil parties than important for the judicial process and the Guinean justice.

The three judges assigned to investigate, since 1 February 2010, the case of September 28, indicted Colonel Claude Pivi for his role in the events at the stadium in Conakry, where at least 157 people were killed, and hundreds of women were raped. Mr. Pivi must now be heard on its merits, starting next week.

“Since the beginning of the investigation, the victims we assist in this procedure Claude Pivi feared that, due to his duties and his place in the military hierarchy, to escape justice. Yesterday, the judges have made a first response formally charging them. Mr. Pivi is innocent and he will now be able to prepare his defense, but it’s a first victory for the plaintiffs and more broadly in the fight against impunity in Guinea, “said Thierno Sow, president of the OGDH .

Claude Pivi was appointed Minister of Presidential Security by Captain Moussa Dadis Camara, head of the military junta in Guinea between December 2008 and January 2010. Since then it has been kept at the head of this elite unit, he still heads today. According to the report of the International Commission of Inquiry set up after the fact, Mr. Claude Pivi was among those who “could be held criminally responsible for their involvement in the events of September 28 and the following days.”

GUINEA16In the days after the massacre at the stadium, Guineans search for dead relatives

Our organizations, a civil action in this case, the judges have sent items including sending the presence and potential liability of Mr. Pivi in ​​fact a very serious near the stadium and in various districts of Conakry, in the day September 28 and the days that followed.

FIDH OGDH the AVIPA and AFADIS who met the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court in The Hague in May 2013 had expressed concern at some sluggishness in the judicial system, and relayed the growing impatience of the victims, nearly 4 years after the fact. The International Criminal Court, which placed the preliminary analysis in Guinea after the events of the stadium, led an eighth mission in Conakry in early June to assess the progress of the investigation and make recommendations.

“This case is an opportunity for the Guinean court to try those responsible for serious violations of human rights. The Guinea must seize this opportunity to restore victims’ rights and to strengthen a judicial system which has suffered from arbitrary decisions for five decades, “said Mr. Drissa Traoré, Vice-President of FIDH.

However, our organizations have expressed concern about the serenity of the judicial process and the safety of its participants or victims who testified in this case, because of the position held by Mr. Pivi today as Minister of Presidential Security. As our organizations had recommended for Colonel Moussa Tiegboro Oumar Camara, indicted in February 2012, or the commanding Sekou Resco Camara, Governor of Conakry, charged in a case of torture in February 2013, both of which have been maintained their government positions, we recommend that stakeholders take all steps to ensure the independence and impartiality of the judicial processes in respect of the right to a fair trial. We therefore invite you to consider setting aside of these officials, blamed for acts of exceptional gravity.

guinea9-28greenberetfoulahSept. 28, 2009 – Several Guineans were apprehended on this day and never been seen since

FIDH OGDH the AVIPA and AFADIS out that the Council of Human Rights of the United Nations adopted in its 23th session held in Geneva in June 2013, a resolution on Guinea, including encouraging the Guinean Government to “support the work of the panel of judges and expedite legal proceedings against those responsible for the events of 28 September 2009.”

“Alpha Condé has made 2013 the year of justice, which we welcomed. Today, at the end of the first half of this year, the Guinean justice sends a strong signal with its charge of Claude Pivi, as it did in February charging the Commander Sékou Resco Camara, in another case. However, the Guinean justice must go further and the government will give it an even greater support for the taking stock in December is positive. For the symbolic affairs of the fight against impunity for January and February 2007, 28 September 2009 has now been added to the violence that rages in Conakry, including demonstrations in recent weeks, “said Karim Lahidji, President of FIDH

VIDEO: 2007 Guinea Massacre, PRESS RELEASE: Human Rights Groups File Complaints in Guinean Court Concerning Serious HR Abuses in 2007 and 2010

The following is perhaps one of the most chilling videos concerning the use of state-sponsored violence in Guinea. In January 2007, unionists and civil society members, concerned about the Guinean economy and the repressive nature of the regime of President Lansana Conte, marched in Conakry. They did not make it far before being mowed down. There were Guinean military at the scene as well as soldiers from Guinea-Bissau who were brought in by the State to do most of the dirty work.  This was a massacre.


Below is a press release issued by the International Federation of Human Rights based in Paris and the Guinean Organization for the Defense of Human Rights and Citizens regarding complaints filed on May 18, 2012, in the Guinean court system about state-sponsored murder, rape, and torture against unarmed civilians.

While it is unlikely that the Guinean court system will deal appropriately with either case, this action gets the cases into the system. Then, if Guinea demonstrates that it is unwilling or unable to prosecute the cases, the International Criminal Court can try the cases directly, if it chooses.

The following press release has been translated from French to English via Google along with editing by Guinea Oye.  If you wish to read the French version, please go to Guinee Libre.


Background on the 2007 and 2010 Human Rights Abuses in Guinea from the Press Release

In January and February 2007, important, peaceful demonstrations were held throughout the territory led by the unions and civil society in favor of purchasing power and the rule of law.

Brutally repressed by security forces of the declining regime of President Lansana Conté, the balance sheet of repression would amount to hundreds of deaths and injuries, rapes, and looting. These serious violations of human rights have been accomplished without any official investigation, or any judiciary procedure, that would have shed light on one of the most violent political repression of these recent years in Guinea.

In October 2010, according to information transmitted to justice, elements of the presidential guard of Acting President of the transition arbitrarily arrested and detained several individuals and reportedly subjected them to torture in the presence of and following the instructions of Mr. Sekou Camara Resco,General Nouhou Thiam, and Commander Sidiki Camara, known as “De Gaulle.” The crimes perpetrated by persons in charge of the public authority took place on the sidelines of the second round of the presidential campaign and not directly related to it. These violations, however, remain symptomatic of arbitrary practices, legacies of political violence and a half century of impunity in Guinea.

PRESS RELEASE:

International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH)

Guinean Organization for Defense of Human Rights and the Citizen (OGDH)

PRESS RELEASE:

Guinea: The FIDH and the OGDH undertake a further step in the fight against

impunity — filing two complaints of serious human rights violations

perpetrated in 2007 and 2010

Conakry, Paris, Nairobi, May 18, 2012 – In a judicial mission in Conakry, the FIDH and its member organization in Guinea, OGDH, filed this day, two complaints in court in Guinea for serious violations of human rights perpetrated in 2007 and 2010. Our organizations are asking the court to look into these crimes so that their authors answer for their actions and that victims can seek reparations and call upon the authorities to support the course of justice.

On May 18, 2012, the FIDH and the OGDH, already civil plaintiffs in the case of September 28, 2009, filed, before the Guinean justice system, two complaints of civil parties consisting of 65 victims for serious violations of human rights perpetrated in 2007 and 2010 by agents of the Guinean government. These two separate legal actions, aimed at establishing the facts and responsibilities of political violence, took place in January and February 2007 during peaceful demonstrations, and in October 2010 when 15 people were arbitrarily arrested, detained and subjected to acts of torture in Conakry. In the latter procedure, several political and military leaders performing government functions in 2010 are directly implicated, including the current Governor of Conakry and Commander of the Guinean army, Mr. Sekou Camara Resco; former Chief of Staff of the transition regime, General Nouhou Thiam and the former head of the presidential guard in the transition, Commander Sidiki Camara,known as “De Gaulle.”

“The filing of these complaints marks the contribution of civil society in broadening the fight against impunity in Guinea to situations other than the stadium massacre, perpetrated on 28 September 2009,” said Mr. Patrick Baudouin, honorary president of the FIDH and responsible for the Legal Action Group of the FIDH.

While Guinea has undertaken steps towards the establishment of the rule of law with justice which is equal and independent, several important acts have already been taken in this direction, including the charge on the first February 2012 of Lieutenant-Colonel Moussa Camara Tiegboro for his presumed involvement in the massacre of 28 September 2009 (see: http://www.fidh.org/Guinee-Avancee-majeure-dans-l ) and conviction amounting to a symbolic fine of Commander Resco Sekou Camara, 30 November 2011, for having ordered the arbitrary detention of five defenders of human rights (see:

http://www.fidh.org/Une-decision-judiciaire-contre-l ).

“These lawsuits would have been unthinkable in the past,” said Thierno

Maadjou Sow. “Now we must educate them with independence and achieve a fair and equitable resolution to restore the victims’ rights and advance Guinea, “he added. By opening a preliminary analysis, 15 October 2009, regarding the events of September 28, 2009, the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) took up the general situation issue of human rights violations in Guinea. The ICC retains jurisdiction for all international crimes committed in the territory since Guinea became a member state of the Court on 1 July 2002.

“Both in the case of September 28, 2009 those of 2007 and 2010, we chose to go to the Guinean court system first to seek redress for impunity. “But, if Guinean courts have neither with will nor the capability to try these cases, the ICC has the duty to act on these cases,” said Belhassen, FIDH President.

FIDH is a non-governmental organization of “human rights, which brings together 164 organizations in more than 100 countries. FIDH has a consultative status with the UN, UNESCO and the Council of Europe and observer status with the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights.


Page 2

“Guinean civil society as a whole was severely repressed during the regimes that have succeeded to the democratic transition and has paid a heavy price in its struggle for change and democracy. “We want to believe that the commitment of these procedures will permit the words of forgotten victims to be heard and help to build confidence in an institution that has long been at the service of the powerful,” said Aziz Diop, Executive Secretary, National Council of organizations of civil society in Guinea (CNOSCG). “For our country needs truth, justice and reconciliation, “he added.

Concerning the reconciliation process, a temporary commission of reflection, created by President Alpha Conde in August 2011, was responsible for proposing a process to lead to the establishment of a National Commission for Truth, Justice and Reconciliation. This body should hear all victims of successive regimes in Guinea: those of Camp Boiro, repression of 1985, 2007, 2009 and other serious violations of human rights in Guinea, to conduct investigations and hearings privately and publicly, and provide redress and compensation for victims.

Our organizations believe that the establishment of such a commission will allow Guinea to turn the page of his past political violence and state.

Background

In January and February 2007, important, peaceful demonstrations were held throughout the territory led by the unions and civil society in favor of purchasing power and the rule of law.

Brutally repressed by security forces of the declining regime of President Lansana Conté, the balance sheet of repression would amount to hundreds of deaths and injuries, rapes, and looting. These serious violations of human rights have been accomplished without any official investigation, or any judiciary procedure, that would have shed light on one of the most violent political repression of these recent years in Guinea.

In October 2010, according to information transmitted to justice, elements of the presidential guard of Acting President of the transition arbitrarily arrested and detained several individuals and reportedly subjected them to torture in the presence of and following the instructions of Mr. Sekou Camara Resco,General Nouhou Thiam, and Commander Sidiki Camara, known as “De Gaulle.” The crimes perpetrated by persons in charge of the public authority took place on the sidelines of the second round of the presidential campaign and not directly related to it. These violations, however, remain symptomatic of arbitrary practices, legacies of political violence and a half century of impunity in Guinea.

Press contacts:

Karine Appy:

+33 1 43 55 14 12 / +33 1 43 55 90 19 / +33 6 72 28 42 94 / presse@fidh.org

Florent Geel:

+33 6 48 05 92 23

Guinean Civil Society Rejects PM Dore’s Constitutional Reform Project for Second Round Election

 
Guinean civil society rejects PM’s constitutional reform project
 

APA – Conakry (Guinea) The Organisation for the Defence of Human Rights and the Citizens in Guinea (OGDH) has condemned the attempts by Prime Minister, Jean Marie Dore to change the country’s new Constitution, to allow the public administration to organise the second round of the presidential election.

In a projected decree, still being drafted but reported by the media, Prime Minster Dore proposes that the organisation and supervision of the 19 September 2010 run-off be carried out “jointly” with the Ministry of Territorial Administration, so as to involve the governors, prefects, and sub-prefects of the country’s provinces in the control of the vote, instead of the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI).

In a statement signed by its chairman, Dr. Thierno Maadjou Sow and copied to APA, the OGDH indicates that “the ministers, governors, prefects, sub-prefects, and other local officials have always been servile and obedient during elections.”

“As a result, the elections have not been fair, transparent, free or democratic, therefore never credible”, the statement insisted, adding that any attempts to modify as usual, these two fundamental texts is a serious violation of constitutional standards.

“In fact, according to Article 152 of the Constitution, only the President of the Republic and the MPs are entitled to take initiative for the revision of the Constitution, under specific circumstances. Even the President of the Transition can, “in no way and in whatever form change the Constitution or the election law”, the statement added.

The OGDH urges the interim President, General Sekouba Konate “not to be distracted by those whose secret dream is to plunge Guinea back into chaos.”

The OGDH invited all political party leaders, and political stakeholders to “stand up to stop all the subtle manoeuvres currently being orchestrated by the leaders of the transitional government, in an attempt to negate the hard-earned achievements in the country.”
 
AB/of/fss/daj/APA
2010-08-22

Guinea Junta Leader Threatens to Keep Some Opposition Leaders from Running in Next Election

Junta seems to think that it is not possible to hold Guinea’s next presidential election by the end of next January.  

Guinea junta moves to bar opposition from the vote

25 November 2009 – 18H49   

AFP – Guinea’s military junta on Wednesday threatened to keep opposition leaders out of a presidential election which the country’s poll watchdog said would be impossible to hold anyway.

Political tensions also mounted ahead of the arrival of a UN team to investigate a massacre of opposition demonstrators in a stadium in which at least 150 people were killed, according to the UN and rights groups.

International donors have withdrawn aid in an effort to press Moussa Dadis Camara’s junta into talks with the opposition.

Speaking in Burkina Faso, where President Blaise Campaore has tried to mediate in the crisis, the junta’s Communications Minister Idrissa Cherif told AFP that no-one who has been prime minister in Guinea would be allowed to take part in the presidential election which is scheduled for January 31.

“The country has been pillaged, sold off, by these people, we cannot accept that,” Cherif said, adding that the former leaders should face legal action.

“The new constitution that we are going to put in place will say who can be a candidate and who can’t. But we cannot let these people who are not clean run the country again,” Cherif said.

The move would effectively block at least three major opposition leaders who have been prime minister from running for president.

The opposition last week rejected proposals allowing the junta to stay in power while a transitional government of national unity organises new elections.

Under the proposals, junta leader Camara would be allowed to be a candidate for the presidency, something the opposition has repeatedly opposed.

Camara came to power in a coup on December 23, 2008 after the death of dictator Lansana Conte, who had led the country since 1984. Initial optimism quickly soured in the mineral-rich country however.

The opposition demonstration in a Conakry stadium on September 28 was to oppose Camara’s standing for the presidency. Troops opened fire there killing between 150 and 200 people, according to rights groups. Many women were publicly raped by the soldiers.

The junta says 56 people were killed and 934 injured in the stadium.

The UN team was expected in Conakry late on Wednesday to step up an investigation into the events. An advance mission arrived in mid-November to gather testimony.

“The Guinean Organisation for the Defence of Human Rights (OGDH) has already given dozens of victim’s statements, audio and video files to the (UN) technical commission,” Abdoul Gadiri Diallo of the OGDH said.

He added however that several soldiers who had indicated that they were ready to testify about the killings could no longer be reached. The rights watchdog said some soldiers had been sent away on special missions while others have disappeared.

Guinea’s electoral commission said the January 31 date set by the junta for the presidential election was technically impossible because of lack of funds.

“We have not even commissioned electoral materials yet, we don’t have voter lists because of the suspension of financial aid by donors,” commission chief Ben Sekou Sylla told AFP.

Mamadou Baadiko Bah, head of the opposition Union of Democratic Forces (UFD) said that “since the events of September 28, it is impossible to even consider free and fair elections.” Bah said there was “no national consensus” for a vote.

Guineans Seek Out Their Missing after Massacre

 
Guineans seek out their missing after massacre

By Christophe Koffi (AFP) – 3 hours ago

CONAKRY — More than 150 people were massacred in Guinea on September 28, according to the United Nations, but dozens of families are still looking for relatives who went missing that day.

“We receive complaints from morning to night from relatives of people who have gone missing,” Thierno Maadjou Sow, the president of the Guinean Organisation of Human Rights (OGDH) told AFP on Thursday.

Several members of the OGDH are deployed to collect information and to try to carry out a census of all the victims of that day, when troops opened fire on an opposition rally and many women were also raped.

Ahead of a visit early this week by the UN deputy secretary-general for political affairs, Haile Menkerios, who was paving the way for an international commission of inquiry, the OGDH drew up a list of more than 80 people whom the rights body believes are in detention.

Some of these people are believed to be held at the Alpha Yaya military base that serves as headquarters for the leader of Guinea’s military junta, Captain Moussa Dadis Camara.

Others are believed to be held in the central prison, in the barracks of the presidential guard, or on the island of Kassar, off the Conakry coast.

“It is very urgent to free these people detained in degrading and inhuman conditions and whose lives are in danger,” Sow said.

Opposition leader Mouctar Diallo told AFP that he has been contacted several times by a father about the case of his son who vanished on September 28, when soldiers opened fire in a stadium on a crowd which had gathered to urge Camara not to stand for president in elections he promised for January.

For the OGDH, it is “important today to know the exact number of people arrested or missing,” in order “definitively to establish the number who died,” Sow explained.

The non-governmental rights group also wants to set up an organisation of girls and women who were raped, to help them to sue legally.

“In Guinea, only the victim can go to court, an NGO can’t legally do it for them,” said a Guinean jurist who asked not to be named. “To go to the International Criminal Court, you have to exhaust all domestic methods. That’s an obligation.”

However, the jurist considered that turning to the ICC in The Hague could “be very rapid, since the people involved could never be brought before a Guinean court. The evidence gathered amounts to a crime against humanity, and the ICC can take up the cases.”

The ICC announced earlier this month that it had launched a “preliminary examination” of the violence to determine whether the alleged crimes fall within the court’s jurisdiction.

Camara’s junta on October 17 set up its own 31-member independent commission of inquiry which would work in tandem with the UN inquiry. The junta holds that 56 people died in the stadium, while rights groups have put the toll at more than 157 dead and 1,200 injured, including the rape victims.

Prime Minister Kabine Komara has stated that “justice is the contrary of impunity and the prime condition for peace,” but the search for those missing since September 28 is going on at a tough time for human rights. The number of abuses is on the rise, according to cases reported to AFP.

The head of the fight against organised crime, Moussa Tcheboro Camara, on Wednesday spoke on national television of 12 targeted murders in Conakry since September 28, simply “to spread terror.”

The opposition leaders behind the demonstration have left their homes and sleep in different places three or four times a week.”