PRESS RELEASE: Introducing the Final Report of the Electoral Observation Mission of the European Union to the Republic of Guinea, during the parliamentary elections of September 28, 2013
At the invitation of the Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralization (MPAD) of the Republic of Guinea and the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), the European Union (EU) has deployed an Election Observation Mission (EU EOM) to the legislative elections of 28 September 2013.
The mission, led by the Chief Observer and MEP Cristian Preda M., arrived in Conakry August 22, 2013. More than 80 observers, citizens of 26 EU members and diplomats in Conakry States have been deployed throughout the country to assess the electoral process against the Guinean laws and standards and international obligations but also on the regional organization of credible and transparent elections.
The head of the Electoral Observation Mission of the European Union and two of his colleagues arrived in Guinea January 19, 2014 to present the final results of their observation. Upon arrival in Conakry, Mr. Cristian Preda said: “After a long wait, Guinea has made a considerable effort to organize the election on 28 September. The acceptance of the final results by the Guinean people is a true sign of democratic maturity. Guineans need regular elections, free and fair. This implies the need to take into consideration the recommendations made by the Electoral Observation Missions of the European Union in 2010 and 2013, especially in view of the upcoming presidential presid be held in 2015. “
Chief Observer will present tomorrow, Monday, January 20, 2014, during a press conference in Conakry, the final report detailing the analysis and conclusions Mission led, after its observation work conducted throughout the electoral process. This document is accompanied by 34 recommendations on the various stages of the process and will be submitted for consideration by the Guinean authorities for the next elections. Here are the main ones:
– Review the provisions of the Electoral Code regarding statutory deadlines and set a deadline for administrative centralization Commissions votes (CACV), thereby forcing transmit, within the time limit, a copy of the minutes to the CENI.
– Establish a clear mechanism fixing the appeals against the decisions of the electoral administration to a higher court or judicial institutions authorized.
– The electoral map should allow distribution of seats based on the relative weight of the electorate or a complete census of the population in order to preserve the fairness of the vote.
– The EU EOM recommends political parties to allocate resources to the training of their delegates in the polls and CACV.
– Adopt a law on public funding of political parties, excluding election to determine allocations based on the number of seats in the Assembly.
– The structure of INEC should move eventually to a purely administrative and technical organization, in accordance with the transitional provisions of the Constitution.
– The website of INEC should be redesigned and enhanced to provide online in real time all the decisions and statements of the CENI, but also the consolidated results and polling.
– Education and awareness of voting should be a strengthening of skills within the electoral administration devolved.
– Mapping of polling stations and electoral list should be prerequisites for the organization of elections.
– Staff training of polling and CACV should benefit from all specimens, documents, materials and media used on election day.
– INEC must engage in streamlining operations of the centralization of results.
– Publish the Official Gazette, as soon as possible, the Organic Law No. L/2010/02/CNT of 22 June 2010 on the freedom of the press to ensure its implementation.
– Strengthen the capacity of journalists through skills training to professionalize their craft and develop their skills, particularly in the electoral field.
– Civil society should fully regain its independence vis-à-vis the institutions and the state.
– System of a 30% quota reserved for women candidates on the national lists places, could extend to single-member applications, thereby increasing their presence in the National Assembly.
– The installation of the Constitutional Court should be accompanied by adequate financial, human and technical, making still lacking the Guinean justice.
Finally, the EU EOM will hold a workshop, January 21, 2014, to present and discuss these recommendations, but also to address together the modalities of their implementation. This workshop will bring together main stakeholders in the electoral process and the other members of the EU EOM in the country during the return visit.