Guinea Opposition Leader, Faya Millimouno, Gives the 411 on Conde’s First Year — “Catastrophic”
Below is an interview of Faya Millimouno, a prominent leader of the Guinean opposition, conducted by Guinee 58. Guinea Oye! used Google to translate the interview from French to English.
While the translation is rough in parts, I think you will find that Mr. Millimouno’s assessment of Alpha Conde’s job performance, after one year in office, is extremely comprehensive. Mr. Millimouno is particularly concerned about the potential of Conde and the CENI to commit fraud in the legislative elections. He maintains that it is critical to hold the elections so that Guinea will have a standing parliament to serve as a counterweight to Conde’s “absolute power.”
|Thursday, December 22, 2011 2:45 p.m.|
To mark the one year of the inauguration of Mr. Alpha Condé at the head of the supreme magistracy, writing http://www.guinee58.com tended the microphone to Dr. Faya Millimouno Vice-President of the NGR for that ‘we read to the socio-economic and political observer of our country entant policy warned. It is without cannot or complacency that Faya Millimouno honor us answer our questions concocted by your writing. The awful situation in Conakry and the interior has grown to screens. We invite you to read this interview is full of lessons and this is no moderation.
Guinee58: Hello Mr. Millimouno
On December 21, 2011 will be a year that Mr. Conde was inaugurated as President of the Republic. The majority of Guineans are disappointed with the actions of Mr. Conde. What is your assessment of this year?
Faya L. Millimouno: Hello Mr. Diallo. Before answering your question, I would like to thank you and through you, your employees Guinée58 site for the opportunity you offer me, again, to give my views on matters of national. The results of the first year of the term of President Alpha Conde is an opportunity for all Guineans to ask questions about the health of our country with many economic, political, social and cultural development.
For reasons of methodology, I will try to take stock of one year of President Alpha Conde in relation to its own promises and in light of expectations that Guinea had to get out of the 2010 presidential. Indeed, with regard to its own promises, we recall that President Alpha Conde had promised to set up an administration consisting of twenty five percent for each natural region. Today we have an administration rather composed of about sixty percent of a region and only forty percent for others. He promised electricity and drinking water in Conakry in six months. Today, a year later, Conakry has less water and electricity that he had a year ago. He promised to devote five percent of the national budget to the judicial system to strengthen the rule of law. His first budget spent only two percent. He promised the bag of rice fifty kilograms twenty miles GNF. The bag of rice now sells fifty kilograms to over two hundred thousand GNF. He promised national unity. Guinea is now more disunited than a year ago. He promised jobs for young Guineans. The unemployment rate has actually increased during the first year of office of President Alpha Conde. In short, no promise has been kept.
In view of the expectations of the people of Guinea, it must be said that out of the presidential election of 2010, which left the torn social fabric, expectations were to see the new authorities to act, among other things, on the following fronts: 1) reconstruction of unity and peace by holding a discourse of appeasement and the implementation of the provisions for the establishment of truth and justice about the numerous cases of crimes for to open the way for genuine national reconciliation, 2) the fight against impunity at all levels and the promotion of democracy and the rule of law, 3) the organization of elections to end the transition, and 4) the commitment of the battle for economic development to improve the welfare of the people, and 5) reform of the defense forces and security to promote the safety of all Guineans and their property .
On all these fronts, it is clear that the efforts and results are expected. And ethnocentric hate speech of the President and some members of his government have exacerbated the division and ethnic tension. Tribalism in appointments and promotions to public employment has widened the gap in the division. The political spectacle has replaced political dialogue. Repression of peaceful demonstrators were taken the life of nearly a dozen people, injured dozens, arrested – tortured and arbitrarily condemned and exiled hundreds of some political leaders including Vice-President of the UFDG, Mr. Oury Bah. The social, political, economic and even religious society – usually beyond the control of the state – are about to be deliberately weakened, subordinated or even replaced by new institutions subservient to the state or the ruling party to to control the company. The union is now obliged to take great ways to avoid the destabilization and state control. The newly elected to the largest union has actually escaped the assassination attempt. The labor exchange has been destroyed in broad daylight without any consequences. Villagers in Saoro have seen some of their killed, others raped, others arrested – tortured and sentenced. They also saw their fields and plantations destroyed by the bulldozers of SOGUIPAH. Populations Lola buried some of their son killed for demanding greater justice and fairness in hiring procedures. Guéckédou populations have become more poor because of the restrictive measures of international trade and inter-prefectural. Lola and farmers have lost Beyla 2722 heads of their wild cattle slaughtered on funding of ethnic discrimination. The ethnic conflict has killed more than 30 of our compatriots Galapaye, in the Prefecture of Yomou. Mismanagement of the economy pushed up prices in the market doubled. She also pushed inflation from 20.8% to 22.1%, unemployment and the poverty of the people. Cancellations of contracts without regard to legal and nationalization have several slow potential investors. The list is very long. So here we limit ourselves by saying that the results of the first year of President Alpha Conde is generally negative.
Guinee58: Why do you think Mr. Conde can not present an acceptable balance? Otherwise, what are the reasons for its failure?
Faya L. Millimouno: The abysmal record of President Alpha Conde after a year of absolute power makes it clear that he was not prepared to take positive and effective as President of the Republic. In one year, he showed enough to Guinean he does not know what to do to meet the legitimate aspirations of the people. However, President Alpha Condé and his government have shown their capacity for harm. They are more interested in dividing the Guinean to stay at the challenges faced by Guinea.
President Alpha Conde was that the power to conquer it certainly needs all the world, but not necessarily all methods. It was more especially to understand that the management of power and its maintenance requires skills safer. These may not necessarily be the activists who led you to power.
One reason for the abysmal record of the first year of President Alpha Conde is an amateur, I would say the incompetence at the top of the state. Managing a country is not a matter of cousins, brothers, sisters, nieces and nephews. Even to define a simple program that shows you where to run the country, it is not capable.
The predictable failure by abysmal in the first year of the presidency of Mr. Alpha Condé is partly explained by the fact that he is overtaken by the crimes he has committed or is committing to gain power at any cost . Therefore, it can calmly deal with issues of justice, unity and reconciliation necessary or even indispensable for peace and development in Guinea.
To reconcile the Guinean and thus lay the groundwork for necessary cohesion to the development of the country, it must be strict compliance with human rights, the total end to impunity, the abolition of the exclusion in all its forms in all areas of national life, the establishment of truth and justice, mutual recognition and objective of the crimes and errors of each other in an appropriate forum through the truth about our history, rehabilitation and compensation for victims of the various political violence in Guinea, full restitution of looted assets of families affected by violence and injustice of state reforms of the army – the police and current information for make them truly national institutions in which all ethnic imbalances – Regional – genres will be corrected, etc..
Guinee58 Mr. Conde has met with some political parties on November 15. Some observers believe that Mr. Conde pretended to a political opening and they even called a “meeting show.” What is your reading of this apparent outstretched hand of Conde?
Faya L. Millimouno: As I said before, the political spectacle has replaced political dialogue since President Alpha Conde is in power. For the President Alpha Condé and his entourage, everything is reduced to believe that something is about to be done when he is not. That’s why he organized a show after another. Each time the opposition has called for a direct and constructive dialogue, the power of Alpha Condé hid behind the argument of wanting to include all political and social actors in the debate and it has always resulted in the organization of the meeting that have enabled a plethora no dialogue to speak of and did not produce any positive result. We remember the challenge and excitement for four months of debate on the electoral register inappropriate based on false claims to the effect that the file contains duplicates, strangers and children without giving any evidence. On the basis of these false claims that the President of the Republic, the Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralization, and the Chairman of INEC took the decision to attempt a recovery of the full census Instead of a review as provided by Article 19 of the Election Code.
We remember the address to the nation the President of the Republic, July 18, 2011, in which he pretends to end the debate on the electoral register by stating that he will be subject to review by law . On this occasion, he instructed the Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralization to meet the collective political parties to finalize the transition to find a consensus on issues of discord to open the way for transparent and credible elections in a peaceful climate. This address, though naively hailed by political observers and the opposition as a sign of openness on the part of the President, has been followed by any concrete action and appropriate.
We remember the meeting of the Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralization with the Collective, August 17, 2011. This event occurs more than four months after the collective had applied for a direct dialogue with the government to discuss issues of national interest. Despite the passage of time, once again, this act was naively hailed by political observers and the opposition as a sign of openness on the part of government. A memorandum with five points of concern was submitted to the Minister by the Collective. On the field, the Minister expressed the desire to get back to the Collective, in a relatively short time, to begin in-depth discussions on various points raised in the memorandum. He stressed the need to move quickly to organize the elections in the last quarter of 2011. But a month after this meeting, it is by a collective letter to the Minister has closed all doors to dialogue as claimed by the opposition. This was the origin of the decision of the Collective exercise the constitutional right to demonstrate peacefully September 27, 2011.
We also recall that, from the march of September 27, 2011, the Prime Minister and his government waited until the day before, September 26, to meet with all political and social actors, within a framework that had nothing different from a general meeting. On this occasion the Prime Minister asked the Collective suspend or cancel the event. After examining the request by the parties of the Collective, it was proposed to the Prime Minister to issue a statement on a political decision to freeze all activities of INEC pending the outcome of the political dialogue. The Prime Minister appeared to be happy with the proposal promised the Collective him back in the minutes that followed. Since then, the Prime Minister has never contacted the Collective.
We remember also that as a result of violence against peaceful demonstrators on September 27, 2011, the Collective and ADP signed a joint declaration in which they, among others, asked prior to their participation in the dialogue. In order to facilitate the initiation of this dialogue, a facilitation committee headed by Bishop Albert Gomez was established with the agreement of both sides. While the efforts of this committee have begun to bear fruit, a cascading action of invitations leaders of some parties to a meeting with the President of the Republic, November 15, 2011, the palace Sékoutouréa, was heard on the radio and national television. The other match, no less spectacular than the previous ones, was still time, naively hailed by some actors and political observers as an opening act by the President of the Republic. But, again, it is not followed by concrete actions. This is how politics is conducted and show the President Alpha Condé and his government
Guinee58: The INEC is pushing the legislation on a date indefinitely. Do you think she fell under the pressure of the opposition?
Faya L. Millimouno: That’s what the opposition that we are building and part of the political observers seem to believe. But from a personal standpoint, I do not believe that the INEC has declined under the pressure of the opposition. We have certainly been consistent in our statements, but are lacking the relevant acts. The statements and press conferences do not say much to President Alpha Condé and his entourage. While we call for dialogue through press conferences and declarations, the INEC, in collusion with President Alpha Condé and his government, acts unilateral and illegal. See some of these acts that contribute to the organization of a sham election:
1. The signing of a joint INEC / MATD co-management of the electoral process despite the protests of some members of the INEC and the opposition parties. This agreement, as we know, has amply served as a gateway to MATD in its recovery strategy constitutional prerogatives of the INEC.
2. The acquisition in South Africa in 2050 Kits in the absence of any legal basis and transparent manner. The kits are configured to order for the full resumption of voter registration. A company representative Waymark admitted the unavailability of his company to the revision of electoral rolls and the setting of its kits for a full resumption of voter registration at a board meeting extended to heads of departments August 19, 2011 . Or a full resumption of voter registration during the current transition is a violation of Article 19 of the Election Code.
3. The recruitment of technical staff for the 4000 Revision of electoral rolls, two operators by typing set, as if to say that the material is definitely Waymark elected as material for the takeover of the preparation of electoral lists. Implicitly, this establishes the setting aside of SAGEM in the process, the company selected by international tender, with the support and agreement of development partners and the entire political class. It is the Sagem which established the electoral roll used in the 2010 presidential election.
4. The official launch at the University of Conakry, a training session for supervisors and maintenance workers by the Company SABAR technology which, in the opinion of some Commissioners, nor has any formal contract with the INEC or with the Government.
5. The launch of the training session for data entry operators by the same company SABAR Technology and kits Waymark although this material is set to a full resumption of the census and not for a revision of electoral rolls.
6. Signature, with no consensus, even within the INEC, a decision to start the revision of electoral rolls in on October 5, 2011 throughout the country.
7. The unilateral fixing by the Office of INEC from the date of legislative elections in December 29, 2011 without consultation with political actors, including those of the opposition.
8. Unilateral revocation of the recommendations of the workshop held in March 2011 Kindia to evaluate the effect of past presidential elections, including those relating to voter registration and its audit firm before any revision of electoral rolls.
9. Restructuring of INEC dismemberment inside the country against the backdrop of promoting agents or activists RPG at the head of all CEPI, THIS PUB and to strengthen the effective control of the administration of the territory on INEC.
10. The redistricting without the knowledge of the political class only in order to multiply the Commissions administrative move from 924 to 2000 and therefore the polls in predefined areas, in order to ensure multiple voting when the prognosis is irremediably adverse ruling.
11. Training of trainers on the Census CARLE full and not on the revision of electoral rolls, since the training is entirely based on kits Waymark known to be set to a census.
12. The programming of the formation of 12 000 members CARLE inside the country while the political parties involved have not yet appointed their representatives RPG unlike any that has known its representatives at the office of the INEC.
Along with these unilateral and illegal for INEC, the Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralization and the President of the Republic conducted:
1) the illegal dissolution of several councils and community and replacement of many abusive leaders of neighborhood and district;
2) the dismissal, without objective reasons, the central site managers who have been regularly recruited, selected, hired and trained by SAGEM to handle the daily management of databases of the electoral register;
3) the selection and allocation of new managers to the central site without any association of the opposition.
So I think it’s just one more maneuver to believe that something is about to be done when it is not. The device fraud in place, Lounceny Camara of INEC has only given leave for the holiday season to the Commissioners. Just after the holidays, while nothing has been done in terms of dialogue, Mr. Camara Lounceny whistle the end of the recreation and will receive the money from the President Alpha Conde to complete the installation of the device a sham election.
I was convinced otherwise if the freeze on the INEC was a political act taken by the President of the Republic or his government. But this is the case.
Guinee58: To return to the political agenda after meeting the two prerequisites posed by the opposition, the group of political parties and the alliance ADP are ready to return to the negotiating table with government. Are you optimistic about the outcome of this dialogue?
Faya L. Millimouno: I honestly wanted to be optimistic about my country, my fellow citizens, for future generations of my country, but alas! I do not know if you watch the tour to the various headquarters of political parties Allasane Mr. Conde, Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralization. This is a tour that aims to prepare another cacophony that will come very soon as to who should participate or not in the political dialogue. It will be a return to the cage of departure. This is another show season 2011 or early in the year 2012 is being prepared. In short, I am unfortunately not optimistic.
Guinee58: Among the points on which the opposition believes to be blockers, which are those on which the opposition is ready to make concessions?
Faya L. Millimouno: Imagine, Mr. Diallo, that all points of complaints are related to the rule of law. In a normal country, we would have simply made use of the courts to decide, but, alas! There was still no reliable judicial apparatus. The restructuring of INEC is essential. Today, with the turns of jackets, some Guineans have become experts, the INEC is supposed to be a joint body, inclusive, is dominated by the opposite camp. At least 17 to 18 of the 24 current members of INEC is committed to the cause of the power of President Alpha Conde. He who is not supposed to represent a political party, Mr. Lounceny Camara, is the most partisan in favor of power. Therefore at least respect the character and inclusive joint of the body. It should also revise Article 162 of the Electoral Code that gives extraordinary powers to the Chairman of INEC.
On the electoral register, you must conduct its audit, review and make her not create another list, and especially to set up a system of co-management with the opposition. This is central to ensure freedom, transparency and credibility of the parliamentary elections.
It is the same for local councils, the opposition’s access to public media and the neutrality of the administration. Everything is a matter of law enforcement.
Guinee58: It appears that Mr. Alpha Condé and the RPG will not go to elections for fear of an electoral debacle. What is your opinion on that?
Faya L. Millimouno: It is true that if one refers to the actual weight of each political party, and especially if one considers the catastrophic year of the first term of President Alpha Conde, there is no doubt that the RPG and its allies, even hidden in alliances that are currently raining down on the bottom of ethno strategy, regionalism and cronyism, not win the next election. Alpha Conde and his allies know more than anyone. Because they have not won the presidential, but stolen, they intend to repeat the feat. That is why their choice is clear: all costs together the conditions for electoral farce, even at the cost of peace and stability.
Guinee58: The Republican opposition is planning to organize a caravan for democracy throughout the country. Can you tell us about this caravan?
Faya L. Millimouno: The occasion was a joint meeting ADP – Collective, chaired by the President of the Faculty, Mr Sidi Toure, the opposition has decided to hold a giant rally in Conakry and the caravan for the democracy and human rights. If this decision is implemented, this will break the monotony of the statements and press conferences with the opposition that we became very fond of.
It must be remembered that in the past, before the political deadlock, as is customary in Guinea, the opposition has used the trailer to break the deadlock. It was in 2001. Despite the difficulties encountered during this trailer, it has to make some progress.
It will be getting together of people to explain verbally the excesses of President Alpha Conde and his government. This is an opportunity to wear a denial from the lies that are circulating state ministers, governors, prefects and sub-prefects on opposition leaders. This is also an opportunity to give back to people the courage to resist the establishment of another dictatorship, to continue the struggle, certainly difficult, but noble for a future that respects human rights, sharing and full solidarity and above all to invent the future to ensure the equal dignity of all Guineans.
The caravan had to go through all the capitals of administrative regions and prefectures through.
Guinee58: Despite its failure, Condé seems to insist on staying on the wrong track. What other means of pressure available to the Republican opposition to bring Mr. Conde to reason?
Faya L. Millimouno: The safest way is the people who always has the last word. But the people need leaders brave, loyal, determined and visionary. We need the leaders of the opposition that we are, in addition to remain united, celebrate the marriage with the action. Of course, these actions will remain peaceful as ever. Without action, nothing positive will happen for the good of the people.
We need to diversify these actions. Statements, press conferences, newspapers and magazines, radio and television recordings, slogans, petitions or mass groups, etc.. are a part. But they are not sufficient. It is also peaceful marches and parades, religious processions, pilgrimages, processions of motorcycles or cars, tributes on the graves of the martyrs, the hunger strikes, meetings of protest or support, protest meetings , the labor strikes, boycotts, operations ghost town, etc.. There are many non-violent actions that can be effective if they are well organized.
Guinee58: Thank you for answering our questions. Your last word?
Faya L. Millimouno: My last word is to remind this to the people of Guinea: President Alpha Conde has absolute power. It has a hold on the executive, the current legislative (CNT) and the judiciary. It controls the organizations of civil society. He has already exercised this absolute power for a year at least. The record, as we have said, is catastrophic. Even the most hardcore supporters of the President recognize more easily.
Usually, a President of the Republic requires the support of voters in parliamentary elections to have a better control of the situation in parliament and implement more easily the development program he promised to do. But in the case of President Alpha Conde, he has no agenda. If he had one, excellent control of the situation he now would have allowed him to achieve something positive for the people of Guinea. But there is nothing.
It must be said, therefore, the people of Guinea that he must ensure that the future parliament beyond the control of President Alpha Conde and his government. Otherwise, it will be an open door to a new dictatorship. The people must speak out now to avoid raising the hands as usual. It must remain outstretched hands to help to support. It should turn, if necessary, on his knees to get up, but never to humble themselves to comply.
It is we who thank you Dr. Millimouno