Fatou Bensouda to be ICC Top Prosecutor: Let’s Hope Indictments of Those Responsible for Sept. 28 Massacre are on Her “To Do” List
Fatou Bensouda, as the ICC ‘s Deputy Prosecutor, was the primary investigator on the Sept. 28, 2009 state-sponsored massacre of unarmed Guinean opposition members. Over 150 people were killed, over 1,000 were injured, and over 100 women were brutally raped. While investigating the incident, Bensouda stated that crimes against humanity had been committed.
But, suddenly, by mid-2010, the case went cold. Unfortunately, the international community, frantic to have Guinea hold a presidential election in 2010, used the threat of ICC indictments to make sure the junta leader, Dadis Camara, would not be inclined to return to Guinea to lead the military. Actually, it was circumstances independent of the ICC (getting shot in the head, recuperation in Morocco, and a trip to Burkina Faso which became permanent) that keep Camara out of Guinea to this day. But, an equally big concern for the international community loomed — Guinea’s 50,000 soldier military. ICC indictments against soldiers responsible for the criminal acts of Sept. 28, could easily spin the military into a nation-wide revolt. Such a turn of events could delay the 2010 election or cause it not to be held at all. With Guinea’s legislative elections still ahead, the ICC investigation is likely to remain dormant for a while longer.
As a woman, as an African, as an investigator of Sept. 28, and now as the world’s top prosecutor, Ms. Bensouda knows that the hell visited upon the people of Guinea on Sept. 28 can only be addressed in a court proceeding. Hopefully, she will move the Guinean massacre higher up on her list, that is, if the international community doesn’t intervene yet again.
If interested in reading more about the international community’s interference in the ICC investigation of Sept. 28, please go to: Preventive Diplomacy: The International Community’s Betrayal of the People of Guinea
By Patrick Worsnip
UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) – Fatou Bensouda of Gambia has emerged as the consensus candidate for the high-profile job of chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, a diplomat at the center of the selection process said on Wednesday.
Bensouda, 50, is deputy to the current chief prosecutor, Luis Moreno-Ocampo of Argentina, whose term ends next year.
An informal meeting of ICC members will be held in New York on Thursday to discuss the appointment, said Liechtenstein’s U.N. Ambassador Christian Wenaweser, president of the Assembly of States Parties (ASP) to the Rome Statute that set up the court.
“I will recommend to the meeting that, based on my consultations, we go forward with a single candidate, Fatou Bensouda,” Wenaweser told Reuters by telephone.
The appointment will be made at a formal session of the 118-nation ASP in New York on December 12, Wenaweser said.
Bensouda was named deputy prosecutor of the Hague-based ICC in 2004 and previously worked as a legal adviser and trial attorney at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in Arusha, Tanzania.
She has long been regarded as the favorite to take over from Moreno-Ocampo, particularly at a time when the ICC’s cases are largely focused on Africa.
She was one of four candidates short-listed by a search committee last month to replace Moreno-Ocampo as chief prosecutor of the world’s top war crimes court.
The others were Britain’s Andrew Cayley, international co-prosecutor in the U.N.-backed court trying former Khmer Rouge leaders in Cambodia, Mohamed Chande Othman, Chief Justice of Tanzania, and Robert Petit, a war crimes counsel in Canada’s Department of Justice.
Wenaweser told an ASP working group last week there was a “pervasive sentiment” among ICC members that the next chief prosecutor should be an African and that Cayley and Petit had been told they were no longer being considered.
A U.N. diplomat who asked not to be identified said he understood Othman had subsequently withdrawn his candidacy.
The tough-talking Moreno-Ocampo has won praise for his role in promoting the work of the ICC. He has launched seven formal investigations, issued an arrest warrant for Sudan’s president Omar al-Bashir and begun three trials.
The ICC earlier this year indicted then Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi — since killed — as well as his son Saif al-Islam and intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi. Moreno-Ocampo said last week, however, that he would not demand that the captured Saif al-Islam be handed over to The Hague.
In the latest development involving the ICC, former Ivory Coast president Laurent Gbagbo was flown on Tuesday night to The Hague to face charges of crimes against humanity.
Some African politicians have accused Moreno-Ocampo of pursuing only Africans. He has also been criticized over the ICC’s slow progress and for failing to bring a larger number of senior government officials to trial for various atrocities.