From Joe Penney, For CNN
Conakry, Guinea (CNN) — The Guinean political party that finished second in the West African country’s recent presidential runoff election will make an official complaint to the International Criminal Court, a senior party official told CNN on Saturday.
Guinea held its much-delayed presidential runoff election between two candidates, Cellou Dalein Diallo and Alpha Conde, on November 7. Provisional results issued November 15 by the electoral commission declared Conde the winner with 52.5 percent of the overall vote. The Supreme Court must now look at fraud allegations put forth by both Diallo and Conde, and will finalize the results by December 2.
On the day of the announcement and over the next two days, supporters of Diallo clashed with supporters of Conde and security officials in multiple cities around the country. At least nine people died and dozens more were injured.
The Guinean government subsequently declared a national state of emergency and a curfew restricting movement of people from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m., but residents of ethnic Peul neighborhoods in the Conakry suburbs of Enco5, Bambeto, Hamdallaye and Cosa said that security forces entered the homes of civilians and shot at innocent people before and after the curfew was called.
Amnesty International, the U.N. High Commission for Human Rights and the International Crisis Group have all detailed what they say are examples of arbitrary arrests, excessive force, incitement of ethnic hatred and killings by Guinean security officials.
Diallo’s UFDG party (the French acronym for the Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea), has said that the government backed a bloody repression by security forces against its supporters, who are largely from the Peul ethnic group. On Saturday, Oury Bah, UFDG’s vice president, told CNN that the party would be making an official complaint to the International Criminal Court.
“We are working on the case and it will be ready in a few days … there have been cases of [security forces] raping women, shooting at unarmed persons and inciting [ethnic] hatred,” Bah told CNN on Saturday.
Guinea’s prime minister, Jean-Marie Dore, denied UFDG’s accusations on national TV recently, saying that Diallo’s supporters were responsible for the violence.
If necessary, “we will ask the ICC to prosecute those who put people in the streets,” Dore said, referring to Diallo’s supporters.
In addition to accusing Diallo of inciting violence, Dore singled out journalist Mouctar Bah (no relation to Oury Bah) of French radio RFI for calling the government repression of post-election protesters “bloody.”
“What he said was a violation of the law because he cannot show a pool of blood in any Conakry neighborhood,” Dore said.
Mouctar Bah told CNN that the prime minister’s comments put him in a dangerous position.
“I’m scared for my personal security … if a prime minister talks about you, attacks you on television, he is leaving you vulnerable to extremists, to police, to the army and to political officials … I don’t have any confidence in the government,” Bah told CNN.
The ICC, based in The Hague, Netherlands, opened its file on Guinea after the September 28, 2009, massacre in Conakry, when security forces killed more than 150 peaceful protesters and injured more than 1,000, according to Human Rights Watch. The Guinean government said about 50 protesters died and that they were acting violently.
Fatou Bensouda, deputy prosecutor for the ICC, visited Conakry on November 19, when she released a statement saying, “The Office of the Prosecutor is keeping a close eye on the situation in Guinea and deplores that at least seven persons have been reportedly killed since the announcement of the election results.”
“All reported acts of violence will be closely scrutinized by the office in order to determine whether crimes have been committed that fall under the Court’s jurisdiction and should warrant an investigation.”
Guinea is still waiting for the Supreme Court to validate provisional results. It must review charges of fraud from both Diallo’s and Conde’s parties. Despite the provisional results, Diallo’s party is confident that it will emerge as winner.
“We have given the Supreme Court a document 50 centimeters (20 inches) wide with proof of fraud according to what the law demands. We are sure that with that, a dignified official will see that there has been fraud and the results will give El Hadj Cellou the victory,” Oury Bah said.
Guinea has been ruled by a military junta, led by Gen. Sekouba Konate, since the death of longtime autocrat Lansana Conte in December 2008. The presidential election is meant to complete the transition from military to civilian rule.
Despite immense mineral wealth, Guinea is one of the poorest countries in Africa.
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